After two years of preparation and a $500,000 investment, Harold A. "Hubby" and Lenore Wertz, Sr. opened "Historic Indian Cave" on June 15, 1929—four months before the stock market crashed and the Great Depression began. With $50 left Hubby, Lenore, and their two children moved to Miami, Florida where they eventually opened an Indian trading post. From 1930 to 1941, the Wertz family returned each summer to open the cavern.
(Some Native American workers in the late 1920's)
Following the tragic death of Lenore Wertz in a car accident in 1941, the family settled permanently in Pennsylvania.
Hubby and his son, Harold A. "Bear" Wertz, Jr., then age fourteen,
formed a partnership to run Indian Caverns—a partnership which remained
intact until Hubby's death, after sixty years in the business, in 1987.
(25th Anniversary Celebration Photo)
Wertz and his wife Jo operated the caverns as a partnership from 1987
until Bear's death in 2004. Bear also spent over sixty years in the cave
business. Following his death Indian Caverns was incorporated by his
wife and three children. His grandson, Harold Aden Wertz, IV, managed
Indian Caverns for the next two years. Next, Bear's son, Bill
Wertz, operated the caverns from 2007 until his untimely death in June
of 2009. The cave is still owned and operated by the Wertz Family having celebrated their 85th year in 2014.